Medicine and nutrition: a two-sided strategy to tackle diabetes and obesity
The type and amount of food we eat plays a crucial role in determining our long-term health. Once conceptualized as the result of disturbances in somatic balance, both obesity and eating disorders are now considered as multi-factorial disorders that are best understood in terms of neurobiological and genetic alterations that predispose an individual to develop the pathology related to each condition.
Obesity has become a major global health challenge with overweight and obesity estimated to cause 3.4 million deaths yearly and 4% of years of life lost worldwide. The spread of obesity shows little signs of abating with the proportion of overweight adults increasing between 1980 and 2013 from 28.8% to 36.9% in men, and from 29.8% to 38.0% in women. During the past two decades, the prevalence of obesity in children has also risen greatly across the globe.
Eating disorders are severe and enduring disorders characterized by important concerns about body self-image, weight and dieting, as well as engagement in intense food restriction and/or intake. In addition, some eating disorders also feature bingeing and purging episodes.
The aim of the project is to provide a complete scope about obesity and abnormal eating behaviors using five different approaches to offer solutions to those suffering from these conditions: medical, psychological, neuroscience, nutritional and culinary.
Nutrition, physical activity and healthy eating habits play an essential role to make a positive change in society. There is a close relation between a healthy lifestyle and the development and occurrence of conditions like obesity and eating disorders. These are considered non-communicable diseases, medical conditions or diseases that are non-infectious and non-transmissible among people.
Initially, you will receive training on standard nutritional requirements for the general population, basic knowledge on nutrition and diet, and how having healthy eating habits and the Mediterranean diet can be used to prevent specific conditions. In addition, your training will focus on learning about different types of eating disorders and obesity, signs, symptoms and how to diagnose and treat conditions. If a patient does not receive proper treatment, the patient can suffer from hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia or other derived problems, as well as cognitive impairments, that you will study from clinical examples using videos and assessment tools.
For the general population, there are nutritional requirements that suffer changes when dealing with obesity and abnormal eating behaviors, so it is essential to know the specific needs of each patient group. In the specific case of diabetes, there are parameters to be monitored when eating and depending on the blood glucose levels the diet may change, that are impacting middle-long term body weight.
There is a close link with eating disorders and obesity, so you will find answer to which are the risk factors, comorbidities and related clinical aspects and the relation between these two diseases. You will discover some of the most relevant and innovative research being conducted in the field of obesity and eating disorders; conducted by Predimed-Plus, and CIBER, namely by Ciberobn, but also by Ciberdem and Cibersam.
Using innovative, dynamic, theoretical and practical workshops on nutrition, neuroscience, psychological assessment and physical exercise you will learn how to apply clinical tools to provide solutions in the treatment of obesity and eating disorders. You will study and have practical opportunities to use different culinary strategies to manage diets of this patient population and learn how to effectively communicate how important food is on our overall health. Last, you will be trained on how different assessment tools, including neuropsychological, neuroimaging and sensorial measures, can be used to advance evaluations and diagnoses.
In sum, the aim of this project is to provide you with the knowledge and tools to recognize the importance of these diseases in our society and to encourage cutting-edge research in this field.
Nutrition, biology, chemistry, biotechnology, biochemistry, chemistry, food technology, genetics, neurosciences and psychology.
- Research medical and nutritional aspects of patients suffering from obesity, eating disorders and diabetes.
- Discover the relation between these diseases and nutrition and physical exercise.
- Know useful information about food and how to apply different strategies for managing diets in patients with obesity and diabetes through cuisine.